Umbrella Scheme for Irrigation, and Water Supply Projects
- Umbrella Scheme Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched during the year 2015-16.
- Launched to enhance physical access of water on farms and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices etc.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
- It is an umbrella scheme, consisting of two major components being implemented by Jal Shakti Ministry:
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP)
- Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)
- PMKSY also consists of two other components being implemented by other Ministries.
- Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component is being implemented by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
- Watershed Development component (WDC) of PMKSY is being implemented by the Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.
Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)
- It consists of 4 sub-components:
- Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM),
- Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI),
- Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies,
- Ground Water (GW) Development component.
Extension of PMKSY
- Government of India has approved continuation of PMKSY during 2021-26, with extension of Ground Water component under PMKSY-HKKP being only for 2021-22.
- The extension is approved with an overall outlay of Rs. 93,068.56 crore. (central assistance of Rs. 37,454 crore, debt servicing to NABARD for Rs. 20,434.56 crore and state share to be borne by the State Governments being Rs. 35,180 crore)
- State-wise irrigation potential and budgetary estimates of PMKSY can be firmed up only after the inclusion of projects under the scheme.
Broad details of the approved PMKSY
AIBP including CADWM
- The scheme proposes completion of 60 number of ongoing AIBP and 85 number of ongoing CAD&WM major/ medium projects.
- The Ministry has also been mandated to include more projects for funding under AIBP.
- Funding of additional two National projects, namely Lakhwar and Renuka projects, has also been approved.
- A total of 13.88 lakh hectare irrigation potential has been envisaged.
- Further, 30.23 lakh hectares of command area development works have also been planned during 2021-26.
- Completion of ongoing SMI & RRR of water bodies schemes with creation of 3.7 lakh hectare of irrigation potential and new projects to create 0.8 lakh hectare of irrigation potential - approved.
- Implementation of the groundwater component during 2021-22 is targeted to benefit 1.52 lakh hectares of irrigation.
- Completion of sanctioned projects covering 49.5 lakh hectare rainfed/degraded lands under WD component,
- Another 2.5 lakh hectare additional area to be brought under protective irrigation, has been approved.