Trends show 27% dip in paddy sowing

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Trends show 27% dip in paddy sowing

  • Multiple factors such as water scarcity in Punjab and increase in fertilizer prices are considered the reasons for a 27% decrease in paddy sowing during this kharif season.

Key Highlights

  • Union Food Minister had urged States to encourage farmers to sow paddy in more areas.
  • Situation is worrisome as farmers in many places have decided not to sow paddy due to unavailability and high prices of essential fertilizers.
    • They demanded Centre reduce the prices of fertilizers.
  • Till July 1, paddy has been sown on 43.45 lakh hectares in the country.
    • 2021: sowing was done on 59.56 lakh hectares.

Shortage of fertilizer

  • Farmers have also been complaining about inadequate supply and high prices for fertilizers used for paddy.
    • Diammonium phosphate (DAP)
    • Muriate of potash (MOP) and
    • Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK).
  • Prices of fertilizers have increased due to global situation.
  • Centre has been maintaining it has ensured availability of fertilizers and regulating prices through subsidies.
  • Fertilizer shortage and rise in price has led to its black marketing.

Prelims take away

  • Paddy sowing
  • Cropping season
  • Fertilizers