Statehood Day of Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday, January 21, 2022, greeted the people of Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura on their statehood day and praised them for their ""vibrant contributions"" to the country's development.
- The three States were formed on this day 50 years back in 1972 with the enactment of North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
History of formation of Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya
- Before the northeastern region turned into seven sisters with statehood, the regional composition of the North East comprised Assam plains from the old Assam Province, the hill districts, and the North Eastern Frontier Tracts (NEFT) of the North-Eastern borderland.
- Soon after independence in 1947, the princely states of Manipur and Tripura got their own statehood based on the tribal and ethnic population in the region.
- Manipur and Tripura states were granted the status of Union Territories in 1949.
- Meanwhile, Nagaland was granted statehood on December 1, 1963.
- On one hand, where Tripura and Manipur were granted the status of Union Territories in 1949, Meghalaya was still a part of Assam.
- Later, in 1969, through Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969, the state successfully received autonomous state recognition.
- It was finally on January 21, 1972, that Tripura, Meghalaya, and Manipur, with the introduction of the North Eastern Region (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, attained complete statehood.
- It is a scenic state in North Eastern side of India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.
- The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres and has a population of almost 3 million, belonging to different communities which includes Meitei, Naga, Kuki, Meitei Pangal and other colourful communities.
- Manipuri is the local common language used in the state.
- The major part of the state is the hilly area as compared to valley area.
- The valley area is surrounded by hill and one of the most beautiful State in North Eastern side.
- It is the third smallest state in India known for its diverse culture, archaeology, handicrafts, and music.
- It is home to nineteen indigenous tribes as well as a non-tribal Bengali speaking population.
- Forests cover more than half of the area, in which bamboo and cane tracts are common.
- Tripura has the highest number of primate species found in any Indian state.
- Beautiful rock cut carvings and stone images at Unakoti, Debtamura and Pilak make Tripura stand out among the north eastern states.
- Most of these carvings are huge in size and are made on vertical walls.
- Agartala, the capital of Tripura is the second largest city of the north east.
- The state is characterised by mountainous terrains with rolling grasslands interspersed by rivers, valleys and can be broadly divided into three natural sectors, the Central Plateau, the Southern slopes bordering Bangladesh and the Northern slopes bordering Assam.
- The State has a 496km long international boundary with Bangladesh in the South and West.
- Meghalaya is predominantly a tribal state and inhabited by mainly 3 tribal communities, namely Khasis, Jaintias and Garos who account for 89% of the total population