Reintroduction of Cheetah

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Reintroduction of Cheetah

  • Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change launched the Action Plan for Introduction of Cheetah in India under which 50 Cheetah will be introduced in the next five years.
  • The cheetah is the only large carnivore to have gone extinct in India in the 1950s due to hunting and loss of habitat.


  • This action plan was launched at the 19th meeting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • In 2021, the Supreme Court lifted its seven-year-long stay on a proposal to introduce African Cheetahs from Namibia into the Indian habitat.

Key Points

  • Reintroduction of a species means releasing it in an area where it is capable of surviving.
  • Reintroductions has been recognised as a strategy to conserve threatened species and restore ecosystem functions.
  • The conservation of the cheetah will revive grasslands and their biomes and habitat

Reintroduction Action Plan:

  • With the help of the Wildlife Institute of India and the Wildlife Trust of India, the ministry will translocate around 8-12 cheetahs from South Africa, Namibia and Botswana.
  • Kuno Palpur National Park in Madhya Pradesh has been chosen for reintroduction due to its suitable habitat and adequate prey base.


  • The cheetah is one of the oldest of the big cat species, with ancestors that can be traced back more than five million years to the Miocene era.
  • It is also the world’s fastest land mammal that lives in Africa and Asia.

Asiatic Cheetah:

  • Smaller and paler than the African cheetah.
  • They have more fur, a smaller head and a longer neck.
  • Usually have red eyes and they have a more cat-like appearance.
  • IUCN status - Critically Endangered
  • CITES list of endangered species: Appendix I

African Cheetah:

  • Bigger in size as compared to Asiatic Cheetah.
  • IUCN status: Vulnerable
  • CITES list of endangered species: Appendix I"