Presidential Fleet Review: what Navy displays, and its significance

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Presidential Fleet Review: what Navy displays, and its significance

  • President will take part in Indian Navy’s 12th Presidential Fleet Review.

What is the President’s Fleet Review?

  • President is taken on one of the Naval ships, which is called President’s Yacht, to look at all the ships docked on one of the Naval ports.
  • President’s Yacht this year is an indigenously built Naval OPV, INS Sumitra, which will lead Presidential Column.
  • It will be distinguished by Ashoka Emblem on her side and will fly President’s Standard on Mast

Do all naval ships participate?

  • No: idea is to showcase not all Navy’s ships, but every type of ship and kind of capabilities it has at that time.
  • Monday’s fleet review in Vishakhapatnam President will review over 60 ships and submarines, and 55 aircraft, from Navy and Coast Guard.

What else happens in the fleet review?

  • Each ship dressed in full regalia will salute President as he passes. \
  • President will also review Indian Naval Air Arm in fly-past by several helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft.
  • Final stage of review: mobile column of warships and submarines will steam past Presidential Yacht.
  • As part of Sail Parade activities, six ocean-going Indian Naval Sailing Vessels arrived at Visakhapatnam from Goa.
  • These are part of Ocean Sailing Node at INS Mandovi at Goa.

How many of these reviews have been held?

  • There have been 11 President’s Fleet Reviews since Independence.
  • The first was conducted in 1953, under Dr Rajendra Prasad.
  • The next one was done not by President but by then Defence Minister in 1964.
  • Since then, it has been the President reviewing the fleet.
  • Longest gap between reviews was of 12 years — between 1989 and 2001
  • Last one was done in 2016, under President Pranab Mukherjee.

What is its significance?

  • It is one of the most important events for the Navy, to its allegiance and commitment to defending the country.
  • It is a long-standing tradition followed by navies across the world
  • According to Navy officials it is a strong bond that links seafarers of the world.
  • Historically: Fleet Review is an assembly of ships at a pre-designated place for displaying loyalty and allegiance to Sovereign state.
  • In turn Sovereign by reviewing ships, reaffirms his faith in the fleet and its ability to defend nation’s maritime interest.