PM calls for robust data security network
- The PM has urged the private sector to come up with concrete suggestions on the possible opportunities that sunrise sectors such as 5G offer
- The need for a robust data security framework within the country was also stressed by him.
- He said that to benefit from data its governance is also necessary and therefore standards and norms have to be set while asking the industry and government to prepare a roadmap going forward
- Data: it refers to a huge amount of information saved in a computer or across a network.
- Data protection is the process of preventing essential data from being tampered with, compromised, or lost.
- As the quantity of data collected and stored continues to expand at unprecedented rates, it becomes increasingly important to secure data from various cyber threats
Significance of Data Security
- According to the Internet and Mobile Association of India's (IAMAI) Digital in India report 2019, India has around 504 million active web users, making it the world's second-largest internet market behind China.
- Individuals' internet behaviours and large collections of information on them have become a lucrative source of revenue.
- Example: Selling of data by Google and Facebook to advertising firms
- It may also be a source of privacy infringement because it might expose incredibly intimate information.
- It is useful to businesses, governments, and political parties because it allows them to identify the most persuasive ways to advertise to target audiences online.
Government norms for Data Security in India
- Information Technology Act, 2000
- It ensures that data from computer systems is protected from certain types of breaches. It includes safeguards to prevent unwanted access to computers, computer systems, and data stored on them.
- Personal Data Protection Bill 2019
- It was framed after a landmark judgement of the Supreme court in K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India 2017
- The report and draft legislation of the bill is being prepared by Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee
- Objective of Bill: to provide for the protection of people' privacy in relation to their personal data
- to establish a Data Protection Authority of India for these purposes and matters pertaining to an individual's personal data.
Initiatives across world for Data Security
- General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): by European Union
- Aim: to give individuals control over their personal data.
- Sectoral laws: in US
- Aim: to deal with matters of digital privacy
- As the world is moving forward with adopting more and more digital technologies it becomes pertinent to adopt more robust and reliable laws to secure the data of individuals. India should enact the Data protection laws as soon as possible to minimize the possible threats emanating from the rising cyber-attacks on personal and public data of the country