Odisha is aiming for a full rollout of Forest Rights Act

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Odisha is aiming for a full rollout of Forest Rights Act

  • While many States are nowhere near completing implementation of FRA, Odisha is aiming for full rollout by 2024.

Key Highlights

  • Odisha is the first State to make budgetary provision for implementation of the Central Act.
  • Till last year, forest rights committees were functioning in Tribal Sub Plan areas.
  • Now, they have been extended to the entire State.
  • State is ensuring tenurial security and entitlement over land and addressing livelihood and food security.

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Nodal agency

  • ST and SC Development Department is the nodal agency for Act’s implementation.
  • Forest rights cells would function from State to the tehsil level.
  • District-level nodal officers, civil society organizations, Panchayati Raj Institution members, revenue inspectors and local youth will work for faster implementation of the Act.
  • State government has set up a dedicated project management unit for FRA implementation.

Habitat Rights

  • Granting of habitat rights to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) have been approved by gram sabhas.
  • Of 13 PVTGs identified in Odisha, habitat rights are being processed for 11 groups.
  • Lodhas and Lanjia Sauras tribe, who do not believe in the concept of habitat, could apply for individual forest rights.


  • FRA implementation remained static in almost all States except few states like Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh in past year.
  • Odisha’s new push could close the gap in the months ahead.

Prelims Take Away

  • PVGTs
  • FRA
  • Gram Sabha
  • Panchayats
  • Lodhas Tribe
  • Lanjia Sauras tribe