National Child Labour Project (NCLP)

Contact Counsellor

National Child Labour Project (NCLP)

  • Centre doesn’t have any data on child labour and a reason for this is inadequate budget for National Child Labour Project (NCLP).

What is Child Labour?

  • It is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
  • It refers to work that:
  • is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and/or
  • interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.

National Child Labour Project (NCLP)

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme under the Ministry of Labour.
  • Under it District Project Societies (DPS) are set up at the district level.
  • Chairman: Collector/District Magistrate to oversee the implementation of the project.
  • Children in 9-14 age group are withdrawn from work and put into NCLP Special Training Centres.
  • They are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid-day meal, stipend, health care etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education system.
  • Children in 5-8 age are directly linked to formal education system through a close coordination with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
  • A dedicated online portal named PENCiL (Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour) is developed for better monitoring and implementation.

Why in news now?

  • No ministry had any data regarding the status of child labour in our country.
  • Education Ministry also does not have a mechanism to find out the number of children engaged in child labour.
  • This is a serious situation.
  • It is for the first time that a parliamentary panel is engaged in a detailed examination of the national policy on child labour.
  • Though we have legislation, the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, since 1986 but the menace of child labour is still prevalent.

Various provisions against Child Labour

  • Article 23 of the Indian Constitution states that any type of forced labour is prohibited.
  • Article 24 states that a child under 14 years cannot be employed to perform any hazardous work.
  • Article 39 states that “the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused”.
  • The Child Labour Act (Prohibition and Regulation) 1986 prohibits children under the age of 14 years to be working in hazardous industries and processes.

Prelims take away

  • National Child Labour Project (NCLP)
  • Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan