Lumpy skin disease spreads to about 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan

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Lumpy skin disease spreads to about 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan

  • With the lumpy skin disease spreading fast among bovines in western and northern Rajasthan, cattle-rearers in the State are suffering heavy losses.
  • The infection has spread to about 25,000 cattle in the last couple of months and resulted in the death of more than 1,200 animals.

What is lumpy skin disease?

  • Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease that infects cows and buffaloes.
  • Although, the disease has relatively low mortality rate, it can create animal welfare issues and can lead to production losses.
  • A vector-borne disease, it spreads through insects like certain species of flies, mosquitoes and even ticks.
  • LSD can also spread via contaminated equipment and in some cases through animal-to-animal contact.
  • The disease does not pose a risk to humans.

Other Dimensions

  • Symptoms
  • Fever,
  • Nodules on the skin that can also lead to death.
  • Discovery
  • LSD was first discovered in Africa in 1929.
  • For a long time, it remained confined in the country but in recent times LSD has spread beyond the territories of Africa.
  • In 2015, it was found in Turkey and Greece.
  • Treatment
  • Vaccination drives in southern European countries have effectively controlled the outbreak of LSD but in other areas the success rate of vaccines has not been impressive.
  • The Gujarat government has recently started vaccinating cattle against LSD.
  • Economic repercussions
  • The economic implications of the disease can be severe due to its high morbidity rate.
  • Herders can face significant losses due to infertility in male and female cows, weight loss, drop in milk production and abortions that are the caused by the disease.