IPCC Report on Climate Change
- IPCC periodically prepares comprehensive Assessment Reports on the state of knowledge on climate change, its causes, potential impacts and response options.
- Assessments are based on the extant scientific literature available at the time.
- Scientists from all over the world, including India, contribute to the preparation of IPCC Assessment Reports.
- The IPCC is currently in its Sixth Assessment cycle and has completed two reports so far, released in August 2021, by Working Group I and in February 2022 by Working Group II.
- The report also notes that vulnerability and the burden of adaptation is highest for those who have contributed the least to global warming.
- India is one of the leading examples of this, having contributed so far only about 4% of global cumulative emissions.
Global hotspots of high human vulnerability
- Centraland East Africa,
- South Asia,
- Central and South America,
- Small Island Developing States and the Arctic.
- Asia is identified as one of regions most vulnerable to climate change, especially on extreme heat, flooding, sea level rise, and erratic rainfall.
- The Government is implementing the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), which is the overarching policy framework for climate action in India.
- It covers mitigation, adaptation and generation of strategic knowledge on climate change.
- It comprises national missions in the specific areas of:
- Solar energy,
- Enhanced energy efficiency,
- The Himalayan ecosystem,
- Sustainable habitat,
- Green India and
- Strategic knowledge on climate change.
- Most of these missions are adaptation focussed.
- 33 States/Union Territories have prepared State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs) consistent with the objectives of NAPCC.
- The Government is also implementing the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change to support adaptation measures of States/UTs in areas that are particularly vulnerable.
The Disaster Management Act, 2005
- It articulates the need for mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into development planning.
- The central government has established a robust early warning system and has significantly enhanced accuracy of weather forecasts.
- Forecasting agencies are continuing their efforts for improvement of warning and dissemination systems vigorously.
- The India Meteorological Department (IMD) supports National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)/State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMA) in framing necessary guidelines with respect to different extreme weather events.
The Disaster Preparedness
- It includes:
- Publication of various guidelines on different disasters by NDMA,
- Setting up of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for prompt response and pre- positioning of NDRF in disaster vulnerable areas,
- Encouraging States to set-up their own State Disaster Response Forces.
- Conducting mock drills and workshops for effectively responding to disasters,
- Carrying out capacity building of disaster professionals and communities by NDMA, NDRF and National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM).
- A number of other measures are taken for threat of climate change, by various departments, ministries and entities of the Government as regular mandated activities and responsibilities.
- These are periodically shared with all stakeholders and the world through India’s National Communications and Biennial Update Reports submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.