International day for abolition of slavery
- International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is being observed on 2 December.
- It marks the date of the adoption, by the General Assembly, of the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others.
- The focus of this day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, the worst forms of child labour, forced marriage, and the forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.
Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
- The convention was approved by the General Assembly on 2 December 1949 and came into effect on 25 July 1951.
- Signatories are charged with three obligations under the 1949 Convention: prohibition of trafficking, specific administrative and enforcement measures, and social measures aimed at trafficked persons.
Main Forms of Modern Slavery
- Slavery has evolved and manifested itself in different ways throughout history.
- The UN human rights bodies have documented the persistence of old forms of slavery that are embedded in traditional beliefs and customs.
- These forms of slavery are the result of long-standing discrimination against the most vulnerable groups in societies, such as those regarded as being of low caste, tribal minorities and indigenous peoples.
- Alongside traditional forms of forced labour, such as bonded labour and debt bondage there now exist more contemporary forms of forced labour.
- These include works such as migrant workers, who have been trafficked for economic exploitation of every kind in the world economy: work in domestic servitude, the construction industry, the food and garment industry, the agricultural sector and in forced prostitution.
- Globally, one in ten children works.
- The majority of the child labour that occurs today is for economic exploitation.
- That goes against the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which recognizes the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation.
- According to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, trafficking in persons means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion for the purpose of exploitation.
- Exploitation includes prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.