India’s role in UN Peacekeeping Missions
- Two BSF personnel recently got martyrdom who were part of UN Peacekeeping Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
What is United Nations Peacekeeping?
- UN Peacekeeping helps countries navigate path from conflict to peace.
- Often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets.
- Can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
UNPKF in operation
- Since 1948, UN Peacekeepers have undertaken 71 Field Missions.
- There are approximately 81,820 personnel serving on 13 peace operations led by UNDPO, in four continents currently.
- A total of 119 countries have contributed military and police personnel to UN peacekeeping.
India’s contribution to UN Peacekeeping
- India has contributed more personnel than any other country.
- To date, more than 2,53,000 Indians have served in 49 of the 71 UN Peacekeeping missions since 1948.
- India is fifth highest amongst troop-contributing countries.
- It has provided and continues to provide, eminent Force Commanders for UN Missions.
Medical care as part of India’s Missions
- Members of Indian Formed Police Unit also organized medical camps for Liberians.
- Medical care is among many services Indian Peacekeepers provide.
- They also perform specialized tasks such as veterinary support and engineering services.
India’s views on UN Peacekeeping
- International community must adapt to rapid changes in nature and role of contemporary peacekeeping operations.
- Security Council’s mandates to UN Peacekeeping operations need to be rooted in ground realities, and co-related with resources provided for peacekeeping operation.
- Troop and police contributing countries should be fully involved at all stages and in all aspects of mission planning.
- Greater financial and human resources for peace-building in post-conflict societies.