Indian Army sets up Quantum Laboratory

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Indian Army sets up Quantum Laboratory

  • The Army has set up a quantum computing laboratory and a centre for artificial intelligence (AI) at a military engineering institute in Madhya Pradesh's Mhow.
  • The two centres will carry out extensive research in developing transformative technologies for use by the armed forces.

Quantum computing

  • It is an area of computing focused on developing computer technology based on the principles of quantum theory (which explains the behavior of energy and material on the atomic and subatomic levels).
  • Computers used today can only encode information in bits that take the value of 1 or 0—restricting their ability.
  • Quantum computing, on the other hand, uses quantum bits or qubits.
  • It harnesses the unique ability of subatomic particles that allows them to exist in more than one state (i.e., a 1 and a 0 at the same time).

Capabilities Envisaged & Reaping the Benefits:

  • The research undertaken by the Indian Army in the field of Quantum Technology will help leapfrog into next-generation communication and transform the current system of cryptography in the Indian Armed Forces to Post Quantum Cryptography (PQC).
  • The key thrust areas consist of:
  1. Quantum Key Distribution,
  2. Quantum Communication,
  3. Quantum Computing,
  4. Post-Quantum Cryptography
  • With this initiative on the table, it will set an apt example of Civil-Military fusion with Self-Reliant India as a key driving factor.
  • The initiatives have incorporated Academia (such as IITs) DRDO organizations, Research Institutes, Corporate firms, Startups, and Industry players for fielding progressive solutions.