India needs a comprehensive plan for climate adaptation and mitigation
- India still see wrath of nature as reason behind extreme weather events seen recenlty rather than anthropogenic global warming.
- India needs a two-part approach to tackle climate change:
- Adapt by building resilience against weather extremes
- Mitigate environmental destruction
Mitigation and adaptation
- Measures to prevent Heatwaves:
- Promote agricultural practices which are not water-intensive
- Support afforestation
- Financial transfers to help farmers plant trees and buy equipment
- Insurance schemes
- Floods and storms
- Stronger guidelines to avoid construction in locations with drainages.
- Map flood-risk zones to manage vulnerable regions.
- EIA must be mandatory for commercial projects.
- Build round-shaped houses to reduce strength of winds.
- Mitigating climate change
- Leading emitters must move away from fossil fuels.
- Regulation needs to be tightened and enforced
- Ensure forest protection while acquiring land.
- India’s share in disaster management should be raised to 2.5% of GDP.
- Tap large-scale global funding from World Bank, IMF and Asian Development Bank.
- States can tap into Union government’s resources.
- MGNREGA funds can be used for climate adaptation.
- Compensatory payment to local self-government for climate adaptation.