India attends International Counter Terrorism Conference 2022

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India attends International Counter Terrorism Conference 2022

  • This conference was organised by Global Counter Terrorism Council (GCTC).
  • Emergence of new “religiophobia”, especially against Hindus, Buddhists and Sikhs, is a matter of serious concern and needs to be recognised, just like Christianophobia, Islamophobia and anti-semitism, to bring a balance in discussions on such issues, India said.

India's stand:

  • In the past two years, several Member States have been trying to label terrorism into categories such as racially and ethnically motivated violent extremism, violent nationalism, right-wing extremism, etc.
  • Referring to “emerging threats”, he said it is “essentially a move to categorize terrorism and violent extremism conducive to terrorism, based on the motivations behind such acts”.
  • Calling it a “dangerous” tendency, India said this goes against some of the accepted principles agreed to by all UN Member States in the recently adopted Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy.

Terrorism in India:

  • Major law against terrorism in India is the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act.
  • National Security Guard (NSG) - a paramilitary force primarily responsible for counterterrorism and anti-hijacking operations.
  • India faces terrorism issues in Kashmir, the north-east and in Punjab in a limited manner.
  • India is one of the most terrorism affected countries in the world.
  • The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is the external intelligence agency and the Intelligence Bureau (IB), a division of the Home Affairs Ministry, collects intelligence inside India.
  • A Joint Intelligence Committee analyzes intelligence data from RAW and IB as well as from a handful of military intelligence agencies, which usually provide tactical information gathered while carrying out counterterrorist operations.

India’s Efforts against terrorism:

  • India’s annual resolution on the issue of counter-terrorism was adopted by consensus in the First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

  • 1996, to provide a comprehensible legal framework to counter terrorism, India proposed the adoption of the ""Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism” (CCIT) to the UNGA.

  • India is a member of FATF whose objective is to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.

  • Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy - terrorism in all its forms and manifestations should be condemned and there cannot be any justification for any act of terrorism, whatsoever.

  • Religiophobia: An irrational or obsessive fear or anxiety of religion, religious faith, religious people or religious organisations.

Global Counter Terrorism Council (GCTC).

  • It is an International Think-Tank Council with an overarching mission of reducing the vulnerability of people worldwide to terrorism by preventing, combating and prosecuting terrorist acts and countering incitement and recruitment to terrorism.

Way forward

  • Terrorism cannot be eradicated totally from India without the full support of society.
  • India needs to reassess its policies on a number of issues pertaining to the management of * * India’s international borders such as intelligence apparatus, internal security and border management.
  • Electric border guarding over porous and vulnerable borders can be a feasible solution.