‘Hunger risk from climate threat’

Contact Counsellor

‘Hunger risk from climate threat’

  • Report by IFPRI on climate change and food systems - India’s food production could drop 16% and the number of those at risk for hunger could increase 23% by 2030 due to climate change.
  • Significance: Evaluates the impact of climate change on:
    • aggregate food production,
    • food consumption (kilocalories per person per day),
    • net trade of major food commodity groups,
    • population at risk of going hungry.


  • Simulates national and international agricultural markets.
  • Developed with inputs from scientists from the Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centres (CGIAR) and other leading global economic modelling efforts.

India at risk

  • Indians at risk from hunger in 2030 - 73.9 million .
  • Due to climate change impact may increase to 90.6 million.
  • Aggregate food production index - drop from 1.6 to 1.5.
  • Climate change will not impact the average calorie consumption of Indians.
  • 2,600 kcal / capita / day by 2030 even in a climate change scenario.

Global scenario

  • Global food production to grow by about 60% over 2010 levels by 2050.
  • Production and demand to grow more rapidly in developing countries due to growth in population and incomes.
  • Meat production to double in South Asia and West and Central Africa by 2030 and triple by 2050.
  • Per capita consumption levels in developing countries - less than half of those in developed countries.
  • Regional differences in access to food - nearly 500 million people are projected to remain at risk of going hungry.
  • Globally, about 70 million more people will be at risk from hunger because of climate change,.
  • More than 28 million in East and Southern Africa.

Exam track

Prelims Takeaway

  • Global Hunger Index

Mains Track

Q. India, given its large population, is more vulnerable to hunger and food insecurity in the context of climate change. Critically analyse.