How the relationship between India and Japan may contribute to global peace and prosperity

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How the relationship between India and Japan may contribute to global peace and prosperity

  • The year 2022 marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and India.
  • Formal relations between Japan and India began in 1952.
  • Connection between the two countries has evolved into a ""Special Strategic and Global Partnership"" after 70 years of multi-layered exchanges.

Historical relations

  • Instead of signing the multilateral San Francisco Peace Treaty after WWII, India chose to sign a bilateral peace treaty with Japan, believing that Japan's reintegration into the international community required honour and equality.
  • Even before diplomatic connections were established, the two countries' citizens had developed a strong bond through business, academic, and cultural interactions.
  • Both countries have a long and rich history of people to people exchanges dating back to sixth century.
  • Buddhism was introduced to Japan, and in 752, the Great Buddha Statue at Todai-ji, one of Japan's most prominent temples, was consecrated by an Indian monk named Bodhisena.
  • In late 19th century, India provided natural resources to Japan to modernise its economy during Meiji restoration.
  • An interaction between the Nobel Laureate in literature, Rabindranath Tagore and Okakura Tenshin, a Japanese philosopher.
  • When India hosted the first Asian Games in New Delhi in 1951, Japanese athletes were invited.

Areas of Cooperation

  • Collaboration between both countries is built on mutual respect for each other's contributions to peace, stability, and development in Asia and beyond.
  • Both see each other as natural allies in their efforts to achieve a ""Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP)"" and other global interests.
  • Japan has been India's largest source of ODA (Official Development Assistance). The Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail project is one of the most recent and ongoing examples of our collaboration.
  • Literature, movies, music, sports, and academic interactions have all become important in the bilateral relationship.

Areas of Opportunity

  • Both are democratic Asian countries that can work together to promote world peace and prosperity.
  • Even during the epidemic, both can enhance collaboration by utilising digital technology as a facilitator of new and innovative ways to communicate with one another.