Auto-immune inflammation of blood vessels

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Auto-immune inflammation of blood vessels

  • Actor Ashton Kutcher had a “weird, super rare form of ” two years ago that “knocked out” his vision, hearing.


  • An inflammation of blood vessels.
  • Inflammation is the natural response of the body’s immune system to any injury or infection, which in normal course can help the body fight invading germs.
  • However, in vasculitis, the body’s immune system turns on healthy blood vessels, causing them to swell up and narrow down.
  • Vasculitis can be only a minor problem affecting the skin, or can be a serious condition that impacts the heart, kidneys or other vital organs.

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Different kinds of vasculitis

  • Around 20 different disorders that are classified as vasculitis.
  • Angiitis and Arteritis are used as synonyms for vasculitis, literally meaning “inflammation within blood vessels” or “inflammation in arteries.”
  • Some of the diseases associated with vasculitis are
  • Behcet’s Disease: oral and genital ulcers and eye inflammation
  • Buerger’s Disease: Affects smokers and leads to decreased flow of blood to the hands and feet;
  • EGPA: Associated with asthma, sinusitis, and tends to involve the lungs, kidneys, and heart as well.

How is vasculitis treated?

  • Different types of inflammation cause different diseases, which have their own symptoms and treatment protocols.
  • Steroids are frequently prescribed, as are some other medicines that reduce the activity of the immune system.
  • Health organisations caution that some kinds of vasculitis can become serious problems if not treated.

Prelims Take Away

  • Vasculitis
  • Blood and its working
  • Behchet’s Disease
  • Buerger Disease