Auto-immune inflammation of blood vessels
- Actor Ashton Kutcher had a “weird, super rare form of ” two years ago that “knocked out” his vision, hearing.
- An inflammation of blood vessels.
- Inflammation is the natural response of the body’s immune system to any injury or infection, which in normal course can help the body fight invading germs.
- However, in vasculitis, the body’s immune system turns on healthy blood vessels, causing them to swell up and narrow down.
- Vasculitis can be only a minor problem affecting the skin, or can be a serious condition that impacts the heart, kidneys or other vital organs.
Different kinds of vasculitis
- Around 20 different disorders that are classified as vasculitis.
- Angiitis and Arteritis are used as synonyms for vasculitis, literally meaning “inflammation within blood vessels” or “inflammation in arteries.”
- Some of the diseases associated with vasculitis are
- Behcet’s Disease: oral and genital ulcers and eye inflammation
- Buerger’s Disease: Affects smokers and leads to decreased flow of blood to the hands and feet;
- EGPA: Associated with asthma, sinusitis, and tends to involve the lungs, kidneys, and heart as well.
How is vasculitis treated?
- Different types of inflammation cause different diseases, which have their own symptoms and treatment protocols.
- Steroids are frequently prescribed, as are some other medicines that reduce the activity of the immune system.
- Health organisations caution that some kinds of vasculitis can become serious problems if not treated.
Prelims Take Away
- Blood and its working
- Behchet’s Disease
- Buerger Disease