An eye on achieving Sustainable Development Goals

Contact Counsellor

An eye on achieving Sustainable Development Goals

  • The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all.
  • They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

  • The Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all UN member states in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.
  • The 17 SDGs are integrated - that is, they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.

India’s achievement so far:

  • NITI Aayog’s 2020-21 SDGs India Index detailed the implementation of the UN’s SDGs in the country, States and UTs.
  • It gave marks, between 0 and 100 points, to each region.
  • In a significant marker of improvement, no State fared in the “Aspirant” category, the lowest in the index.
  • All the states managed to score above 50 points in the SDG Index.
  • 13 States featured in the ‘Performer’ category and 15 in the ‘Front Runner’ category(the 2nd highest position).
  • Overall performance of the country improved.
  • India stepped into the ‘Front Runner’ category with a score of 66 points, though dropped by two ranks in original scale.
  • Neighboring countries performed better than us.
  • India did well in SDGs 6, 7, 11 and 12.

Hard work ahead

  • Reports present myriad concerns to policymakers.
  • India continues to be in the ‘Aspirant’ category for the implementation of ‘gender equality’ and ‘zero hunger’.
  • Global Hunger Index also points to lackluster performance in implementation of ‘zero hunger’.
  • Many other goals, such as ‘no poverty’, ‘quality education’, ‘decent work and economic growth’, ‘industry, innovation and infrastructure’, and ‘climate action’, need a lot more work to pull into the ‘Front Runner’ category from the ‘Performer’ category.

Way forward

  • Partnership is the key to achieve SDGs.
  • Need to enhance further collaboration with States, UTs, civil society organizations and businesses.
  • Need for aggressive implementation of SDG localisation efforts at the district, panchayat and village levels.
  • Through true internalization of the SDGs by the community. Only work at the community level can make SDGs truly achievable and deliverable.

Exams takeaway

  • SDGs Goals
  • NITI Aayog SDG Index
  • Global Hunger Index

Mains Question

Q. “India’s improvement in SDGs implementation needs aggressive localisation efforts at the ground level with a community feedback system”. Discuss