Ahom warrior lachit borphukan and the battles of alaboi and saraighat

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Ahom warrior lachit borphukan and the battles of alaboi and saraighat

  • President inaugurated the year-long celebration of the 400th birth anniversary of Lachit Borphukan, commander of the Ahom forces and an icon of Assamese nationalism.
  • He also laid the foundation stone for the Alaboi war memorial, a tribute to soldiers who had fought and suffered a setback against the Mughals at Alaboi, two years before Lachit’s decisive victory at the battle of Saraighat in 1671.
  • Along with the Alaboi war memorial at Dadara, a Lachit Samadhi would be built this year.

Historical Background

  • Ahom Kings ruled Assam, and parts of what are neighbouring states today, for nearly 600 years between the 13th and 19th centuries.
  • Between 1615 and 1682, the Mughal Empire made a series of attempts, under Jahangir and then Aurangzeb, to annex the Ahom kingdom.
  • In January 1662, Mughal Governor of Bengal Mir Jumla’s forces engaged with the Ahom army and went on to occupy part of the territory under Ahom rule.
  • Between 1667 and 1682, the Ahoms under a series of rulers, starting with Chakradhwaj Singha, launched a counter-offensive to reclaim lost territories.
  • This included the famous battles fought under the leadership of commander Lachit Borphukan.

Lachit Borphukan

  • Born on 24th November, 1622.
  • He was the son of the commander-in-chief of the Ahom army.
  • Educated in humanities, military skills, and scriptures, Lachit was first given the position of Soladhara Barua, the scarf-bearer of the Ahom swargadeo.
  • He held various positions like Ghora Barua (in charge of royal stables), commander of Simulgarh Fort and Dolakaxaria Barua (superintendent of royal household guards) to Chakradwaj Singha.
  • He first came into prominence, when he recovered Guwahati from the Mughals in 1667, and was presented with the Hengdang, a gold-plated sword.

Battle of Alaboi

  • In 1669, the Mughals launched an attack on the Ahom Kingdom.
  • They stationed their army near Alaboi Hill (near present-day Dadara, North Guwahati).
  • Lachit Borphukan accepted the challenge and prepared a force of 40,000 men under four commanders.
  • Although the Mughals were victorious in the Battle of Alaboi, this conflict was no more than a tactical victory and a morale-booster for them as it had no bearing on their overall campaign against the Ahoms.
  • The battle only strengthened the Ahom forces’ resolve to drive out the Mughals from Guwahati which led to the Battle of Saraighat.

Battle of Saraighat

  • A naval engagement fought on the Brahmaputra River near Saraighat between the Mughal Empire and the Ahom Kingdom in 1671.
  • More than 4,000 soldiers of the Mughal army were dead, their navy destroyed, and they were pushed to the westernmost part of the Ahom kingdom, the Manas river.
  • Lachit Borphukan single-handedly led the Ahom force to victory over a much larger Mughal army.


  • Lachit Borphukan passed away from natural causes in 1672, a year after the battle of Saraighat.