A plan that is much more than just planting trees

Contact Counsellor

A plan that is much more than just planting trees

  • According to IUCN, deforestation and forest degradation contribute around 12% towards global greenhouse gas emissions.

Forest landscape restoration

  • Objective:
  • To regain ecological functionality
  • Human welfare across deforested or degraded forest landscapes.
  • Ensures community participation in upgrading landscapes.
  • Ensures diversity of species while planting trees.

Why Afforestation?

  • Regulates functioning of ecosystems
  • Regulates carbon cycle and mitigating effects of climate change.
  • Annually, forests absorb roughly 2.6 billion tonnes of CO2 including 33% of CO2 released from burning fossil fuels.
  • Prevents erosion and stems flooding.
  • Reduces food insecurity
  • Women Empowerment by providing alternative income sources and providing more nutritional diets
  • Lessens rural-to-urban migration by providing extra income to rural regions
  • Increases resources and household income.

Indian and global programmes

  • 2021-2030: UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration
  • Emphasising efforts to restore degraded terrestrial ecosystems including forests.
  • 2011: Bonn Challenge was launched
  • Goal: restore 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested landscapes by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
  • India: joined in 2015
    • Goal: Restore 26 million hectares of degraded and deforested land by 2030.
    • An additional carbon sink of 2.5 billion-3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through forest and tree cover is to be created by 2030.
  • Indian programmes
  • Compensatory Afforestation,
  • National Afforestation Programme
  • National Mission for a Green India (Green India Mission),
  • Nagar Van scheme
  • Forest Fire Prevention and Management Scheme


  • Issues with identification of areas for restoration,
  • Lack of adequate R&D in tree planting
  • Stakeholders’ conflicts of interest
  • Inadequate financing

Suggetsed measures

  • Forest landscape restoration: To make landscapes and forest ecosystems durable and adjustable to future challenges and societal needs.
  • Various stakeholders: Involve community, champions, government and landowners.
  • Restoration of natural forest ecosystems: Strengthened through participatory governance by engaging stakeholders.
  • Vulnerable forest-dependent communities: Should be involved in any effort to know local socio-economic context and landscape history of a region.